An angry statement issued by the Chamber of Mines of Zimbabwe accused the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) of "deliberately" ruining the industry.
Gold mining companies are obliged by law to sell their gold to the central bank, but for the past two years it has been falling behind on payments "due in terms of official policy to be made four days after delivery."
It now owes more than $30 million to the predominantly-foreign owned mines. Some had not been paid for a year, the chamber said. Annual production had fallen from 30 metric tons annually in 1999 to a forecast of less than 3 metric tons this year.
"This has been happening because the RBZ has failed for pay for gold delivered, resulting in all the mines being unable to sustain production."
The industry was now "entirely decimated," it said, calling the situation "a travesty of justice."
RBZ governor Gideon Gono, one of the key figures in President Robert Mugabe’s Zanu-PF party, had rejected repeated requests by the chamber for a meeting, it said.
Gono has been using central bank money to import thousands of tractors and other agricultural machinery, which are handed out at virtually no charge to members of Mugabe’s clique.
Three months ago, judges were allocated mammoth plasma televisions and senior state doctors were given top-class imported sedans.
The country is in accelerating collapse, with inflation running into many millions of per cent, a currency that has fallen to a fraction of its value in three months, an estimated three million people requiring food aid and a cholera outbreak in the capital, Harare.
Gono’s policy of printing money to make up for the shortfall in government coffers is seen a key factor behind the meltdown.
Zimbabweans had been hoping that Mugabe’s agreement in September to share power with the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) would attract the aid and investment needed for a turnaround. But seven weeks later, the two parties are still disagreed on the make-up of cabinet.
"It is not understandable that at a time when the country requires as much foreign currency as possible, the gold sector, which can generate foreign currency, has deliberately been brought to its knees," the chamber statement said.
Without payment, mines were unable to sustain operations, the Chamber said.
"Most gold mines are now unable to meet wages and salaries of their employees," the statement said.
Exploration had completely ceased and most underground mines had flooded, because they cannot pump out water seeping into their shafts. – Sapa-dpa